In Massachusetts, the earliest record of malaria, (along with other mosquito-responsible diseases) dated back to the Pilgrims. Reappearing from 1806-1836, malaria was prominent in mostly the western part of MA and continued to stay there, as well as penetrate the North. “Dr. J. F. Adams...points out that the communities where malaria occurred are ‘found to be, with scarcely an exception, on the borders of rivers, or adjacent to swamps, ponds or artificial reservoirs.’”(NMCA). He summarized that malaria tends to be present near water. By 1914, the disease became better understood, and during 1931, only 40 cases were reported.
Although Malaria can be easily treated early on with drugs such as Chloroquine and Quinine, it is still important to note that a vaccine does not exist. The CDC recognizes the possibility of the disease to reemerge in the South, and with possible nonexistent symptoms, it may be difficult to identify those who need treatment (CDC). And without early treatment, the risk of malaria fatalities goes up. The obvious solution is having a vaccine to be administered. Another solution is just avoiding getting bit by a possible infected mosquito, whether it be not traveling to places with the parasite, wearing bug repellent, and using malaria prevention tablets. To prevent spread, a solution is to quarantine after visiting a place where malaria is prevalent. Since malaria can be spread through blood banks and transfusions as well, a solution would be to have more security measures for testing and making sure the donor does not have malaria. Lastly, another solution could be engineering new drugs that the parasites cannot be resistant to, and ones that contain material to prevent relapse as well.